It occurred to me this morning, while going through my news feeds, that it may not be obvious to everyone why companies do not (and are hesitant) to protect customer data.
The "Really?" moment came while I was reading "Customer Data Requires Full Data Protection" by Christopher Burgess.
I took it as a given that most people knew intuitively why enterprises choose not to protect customer data; as they do their intellectual property.
It never occurred to me that it was a mystery to the general public or that it was up for discussion or even an issue worthy of thought cycles by the industry punditry. This leads me to the obvious.
Customer data is their asset with the lowest risk profile. Even though it is necessary to help with the successful management of the customer relationship and for some businesses it is the driving force behind their value (or valuation), the impact of compromise (or damage) of that data has (relatively) little impact on the company itself. In legal terms, "harm" is done primarily to the data owner ("customer"), not the data steward ("company"). For example, each of the hundreds of millions of people affected by the Target breach face a lifetime of vigilance over their financial identity and activity. The possible harm is significant and the total impact on the data owners could reach the order of hundreds of billions of dollars. The possible harm for Target will be capped by legislative action and will be a (small) fraction of the company's profit margin. Over the long term, Target can weather this storm and still be a viable company - making this an acceptable risk. However, for their customers, this is potentially a life-altering event from which they cannot recover.
The Expense of Data
In most cases, customer data is either donated by the customer or gathered by the company's customer relationship managers. Compared to acquiring patents to protect the firm's business processes or generating information on optimizing their internal operations, the price and cost of customer data is negligible.
Cost- Benefit Tradeoff of Protection
Though the benefits of protecting data are well-established and the current trend of multiple daily attacks is not dissipating, the discipline of data protection is a risk management process (and rightly so). Protection technology is expensive to implement and incorporate into an existing business, has an (often negative) impact on the internal operations of the business (i.e. it impacts how you perform your core functions, it impacts the performance of those functions, it impacts the requirements needed to execute these functions) and is viewed primarily as a cost center (with no real, measurable return on investment at the time of installation). Thus, data protection is a defensive investment with perceived value only after security and privacy incidents have been thwarted. So, companies choose to deploy data protection technologies for the data that are of the highest value to them.
You put these factors together and you get our current state of affairs, where "cheap", "low-risk" (to them) customer data is often left unprotected because the benefit of doing so is not worth the cost of doing so. It becomes an acceptable (and tolerable) business risk that they can rationally take. Unfortunately, I believe this perspective is flawed and will do more harm than good in the long term.
The first step in solving this issue is to have companies realize that the damage done when customer data is compromised will have significant impact on their current and future profitability.
In this environment, Security and Privacy are competitive differentiators; at least until all companies are on the same page.
Dr Tyrone Grandison
Executive. Technologist. Change Agent. Computer Scientist. Data Nerd. Privacy and Security Geek.